A 3D printed battery powered bluetooth speaker made with the speakers from a 2007 MacBook Pro. Sources and build instructions on thingiverse: https://www.thingiverse.com/thing:2458126
The onboard Bluetooth device of the Raspberry Pi Zero W and the Raspberry Pi 3 can be disabled by adding
dtoverlay=pi3-disable-bt to the
config.txt file. Wifi is disabled with
config.txt file is read by the GPU before the ARM CPU and Linux are initialised. It must be located on the first (boot) partition of your SD card alongside
start.elf. This file is normally accessible as
/boot/config.txt from Linux, and must be edited as root. From Windows or OS X it is visible as a file in the only accessible part of the card. If you need to apply some of the config settings below, but you don’t have a
config.txt on your boot partition yet, simply create it as a new text file.
Any changes will only take effect after a reboot of your Raspberry.
More boot config options for the Raspberry devices are documented here: https://www.raspberrypi.org/documentation/configuration/config-txt/
The German company Sensorberg offers Bluetooth Low Energy (BLE) beacons called “iBeacons” and a SDK for proximity detection.