For raspian installations up until the end of 2019 use
config.txt file is read by the GPU before the ARM CPU and Linux are initialised. It must be located on the first (boot) partition of your SD card alongside
start.elf. This file is normally accessible as
/boot/config.txt from Linux, and must be edited as root. From Windows or OS X it is visible as a file in the only accessible part of the card. If you need to apply some of the config settings below, but you don’t have a
config.txt on your boot partition yet, simply create it as a new text file.
Any changes will only take effect after a reboot of your Raspberry.
More boot config options for the Raspberry devices are documented here: https://www.raspberrypi.org/documentation/configuration/config-txt/